The Different Types of Home Water Treatment Systems

October 1, 2021 6:40 am Published by Leave your thoughts

Because they make your water safer to drink and reduce appliance-damaging contaminants, investing in a water treatment system is one of the best decisions you can make—but it’s important to understand that not all water treatment systems are the same.

From a reverse osmosis water system to UV light, continue reading to learn more about your water treatment options:

Reverse osmosis

A reverse osmosis water system, also known as an RO system, filters water by forcing it through a semipermeable membrane. The small pores in the membrane allow the water to go through, but the membrane traps any heavy metals, chemicals and even microorganisms. RO systems also don’t require any electricity to run, so you won’t have to sacrifice a high energy bill to get clean water.

Activated alumina

An activated alumina filter is made of aluminum oxide and is effective in removing fluoride, arsenic and selenium from our water. These units are relatively inexpensive to install, so they’re ideal for anyone on a budget. The biggest downside of activated alumina filters is that the aluminum can leach into the water in some circumstances. Be sure to get your water tested regularly if you have one of these filters.

Activated carbon

Activated carbon is a form of carbon that’s processed to maximize the number of pores. When water flows through an activated carbon filter, the pores trap contaminants while allowing water to flow freely. These filters are efficient in removing sediment and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) while improving your water’s taste and smell. You can have activated charcoal installed as whole-home systems, under-sink units or as a simple pitcher.

Ceramic filters

A ceramic filter also has tons of tiny pores that trap contaminants as the water runs through the filter. These filters keep out larger particles and can also be treated with silver to kill bacteria and prevent algae and mold growth. But unlike some other types of filters, these are not effective in killing viruses that could be lurking in your water.

Ultraviolet light (UV)

These purifying systems use UV light to kill parasites, bacteria and viruses. As water passes through the system, UV rays destroy any living thing in the water—it’s the most effective treatment system for microorganisms. Unlike an RO system, UV lights don’t filter out inorganic substances from your drinking water.


Distillation is one of the oldest purifying methods. During this process, water is boiled into steam and then cooled down to liquid form before being collected in a clean container. This is a very slow filtration method, but it removes most contaminants and kills bacteria. While it does require electricity to boil the water, distillation is a cost-effective treatment option.

Hire us to install your water treatment system

If you’re searching for a residential water treatment option, then talk to our pros at Fogt Water Conditioning about installing an RO system. With one of our professionally-installed reverse osmosis water systems, you can rest easy knowing your water will be as clean and pure as possible.

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